Indian Education Grant Consortium


Chippewa Valley Schools

L'Anse Creuse Public Schools

New Haven Community Schools

Richmond Community Schools


2010 - 2011 Workshops

Our workshops are activities that recognize and support the unique cultural and educational needs of Indian children and incorporate qualified tribal elders and seniors. They are held four times per year at Cheyenne Elementary School, 47600 Heydenreich Rd., Macomb, MI.



Sand Painting

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The Navajo learned weaving from the Pueblo Indians. It could take a week or more to prepare the wool for weaving a rug. The Navajo are the only weavers to use a vertical loom. Patterns and designs are rarely diagrammed and even the youngest weaver is taught to plan her designs and colors in her head and to visualize the complete project.

    Sand paintings are used in healing ceremonies in many Indian tribes. The shaman or medicine man begins the painting after sundown in the "healing hut". A variety of sacred symbols is used depending on the affliction the person is suffering from. Once the sand painting is completed, the afflicted person will sit on the painting while sacred chants and rituals are performed. The sand painting must be destroyed by sunrise. No one outside of the tribe is allowed to view the ceremony. The sand paintings sold for commercial purposes use other symbols that have no particular meaning.








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All American Indian moccasins were originally made of soft leather stitched together with sinew.

Though the basic construction of Native American moccasins was similar throughout North America, moccasin patterns were subtly different in nearly every tribe, and Indian people could often tell each other's tribal affiliation simply from the design of their shoes. (In fact, the common names of some large nations like the Blackfoot and the Chippewas refer to their characteristic moccasin styles).

Tribal differences included not only the cut of the moccasin but also the extensive beadwork, quillwork, and painted designs many

In some tribes hardened rawhide was used for the sole for added durability, and in others rabbit fur (or, later, sheepskin) was used to line the leather moccasins for added warmth.


Next to the drum, the most important Native American instrument was the flute. Its music was played without accompaniment in courtship, healing, meditation, and spiritual rituals. There are two different types of Native American flutes, the plains flute and the woodlands flute, each with slightly different construction. Soft woods are preferred because of the gentle sound they make. Indian flutes have six holes and the sounds are determined by the spacing between the holes.

There are many stories about how different Native American peoples discovered the flute. A common character in these stories is the woodpecker, which put holes in hollow branches while searching for termites. The wind would blow around these branches, creating sounds that the people noticed and eventually sought to recreate.